FUNCTIONS OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION: THEORY AND PRACTICE
Valentina R. Bugrova, Cand. Sci. (Philosophy), Associate Prof., firstname.lastname@example.org,
Aleksandra I. Makarova, Cand. Sci. (Philology), email@example.com,
Elena V. Maksimova, firstname.lastname@example.org,
Lolita G. Lykasova, email@example.com
Russian State University of Tourism and Service, Moscow, Russian Federation
Abstract: this article discusses the formation and development of social entrepreneurship. Statistics are able to trace the dynamics of social entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship entities capabilities criteria to participate in the life of society. Traditionally, social entrepreneurship leaves historically rooted in charity. Well-founded phenomena of society indicate that the development of social business is not a random phenomenon, and positive dynamics of businesses focused on expansion entrepreneurship for active participation in the social sphere. Functions and mechanisms of social entrepreneurship contribute to the creation of new innovative products, reduce barriers and provide accessibility environment. Based on studies of foreign and Russian experience of social entrepreneurship be justified scientifically practical aspects in order to improve the social and economic spheres of society. This experience may be useful for the improvement of the Russian socio-economic system. In recent decades, gained practice in the development of social entrepreneurship in different countries varied and select one as the only best sample is impossible. Moreover, in these cultural and historical characteristics attributable to States you can only guess what direction will develop a social business in Russia. Nevertheless, clearly defined trend-social enterprise has all the prerequisites to ensure decent standards of living for all subjects of the Russian society. The current demand for social modernization (creation of new models and services) promotes the development of healthy competition in the social sphere. However, at a public level required-State support for business, a social entrepreneurship and control.
Keywords: social entrepreneurship, innovation, scientific and technological development, innovation projects, sustainable development, globalization, social and economic system of society
1. Troshikhin V.V., Nesterova L.I., Entrepreneurship as the Institution of social development. Nauchnye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Filosofiya. Sotsiologiya. Pravo, vol. 1, no. 2 (199), 2015, pp. 198–204. (In Russ.).
2. Yunus M., Jolis A., Creating a world without poverty: social business and the future of capitalism. Moscow: Al’pina Pablisher, 2010. (In Russ.).
3. Fekhtel E.V., Corporate responsibility as an innovative approach to solving social problems. Servis v Rossii i za rubezhom [Electronic journal], vol. 9, no. 1 (57), 2015. (In Russ.) Available at: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/korporativnaya-otvetstvennost-biznesa-innovatsionnyy-podhod-v-reshenii-sotsialnyh-problem (Accessed on April 20, 2017).
4. Fekhtel E.V., Social projects for social tourism: objectives and opportunities. Vestnik sotsial’noi raboty, no.3, 2013, pp. 93–101. (In Russ.).
5. Jill Kikul, Thomas Lyons, Understanding Enterpreneurship. The Relentless Pursuit of Mission in an Ever Changing World. Moscow: Al’pina Pablisher, 2014, 304 p. (In Russ.).
6. Alter S.K. Social enterprise models and their mission and money relationships. In A. Nicholls (Ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Social entrepreneurship: New models of sustainable social change, 2006, pp. 205–232.
7. Atnashev T., Vashakmadze T., Of socially responsible investing in socially responsible business: historical analogies and financial model for Russia. Finansovaya zhizn’. Periodicheskoe nauchno-prakticheskoe izdanie, no. 4, 2014, pp. 41–54. (In Russ.).
8. Austin J., Stevenson H., Wei-Skillern J., Social or commercial entrepreneurship: Same, different, or both? Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, vol. 30(1), 2006, pp. 1–22.
9. David Bornstein, How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas. Moscow: Al’pina Pablisher, 2012, 504 p. (In Russ.).
10. Kitsai Yu.A., From corporate social responsibility to social business: to a question about tendencies of development of the corporate legislation. Problemy ekonomiki i yuridicheskoi praktiki, no. 1, 2016, pp. 170–174. (In Russ.).
11. Kul’kova V.Yu., Social entrepreneurship, non-profit organizations and corporate social responsibility in intersectoral partnership formation: overview of theoretic developments. Nauchnoe obozrenie, no. 7, 2016, pp. 183–187. (In Russ.).
12. Makarchenko M.A., Antonov A.A., The concept of social entrepreneurship and the distinctive features of social entrepreneurs. Nauchnyi zhurnal NIU ITMO. Seriya: Ekonomika i Ekologicheskii Menedzhmen, no. 2, 2015, pp. 35–42. (In Russ.).
13. Social entrepreneurship in Russia and worldwide: practice and research [Text] / Ed. edited by A.A. Moskovskaya; Nats. issled. un-t «Vysshaya shkola ekonomiki». Moscow: Izd. dom Vysshei shkoly ekonomikit, 2011, 284 p. (In Russ.).
14. Simcha B. Werner., The Movement for Reforming American Business Ethics: A Twenty-Year Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics, 1992, pp. 61–70.
15. Durkheim E., Les forms elementaires de la vie religieuse. Paris: 1912, pp. 610–611.
16. Talavera O., Xiong L., Xiong X. Social capital and access to bank financing: the case of Chinese entrepreneurs. EMERGING MARKETS, FINANCE & TRADE, vol 48, no. 1, 2012, p. 55 – 69. DOI: 10.2753/REE1540-496X480103.
Bugrova V.R., Makarova A.I., Maksimova E.V., Lykasova L.G., Functions of social entrepreneurship in the context of globalization: theory and practice. Servis plus, vol. 11, no. 2, 2017, pp.
Received on February 7th, 2017