PROBLEM OF SELF-INJURIOUS BEHAVIOR IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CONJUGATION
OF THE DISCOURSES OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF EXISTENTIALISM
Aleksandr V. Ivanov, Volgograd, Russian Federation. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org;
Vladislav O. Sheleketa, PhD (Dr. Sc.) in Philosophy, Professor, Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov, Belgorod, Russian Federation. E-mail: email@example.com;
Vasilii Yu. Ivakhnov, PhD (Cand. Sc.) in Philosophy, Associate Professor at the Department of Humanities, firstname.lastname@example.org, Volzhsky Polytechnic Institute (branch) of Volgograd State Technical University, Volzhskii, Volgograd region, Russian Federation
Article is devoted to theoretical-methodological reasons for existentialist outlook in the context of psychotherapeutic practice and work with self-injurious conditions. Authors, referring to works of founders and classics of the existential analysis and clinical psychology and psychotherapy, reveal the fundamental principles of existential psychotherapy according to which productive functioning with patients in line with detection, preventions and treatments of the self-injurious conditions can be ensured. Authors base on the world outlook and methodological prerequisite according to which the subjective world of the patient can be estimated from ontological items that is as the full-fledged mental reality having own principles of functioning and regularity of development. In the context of interface of discourses by authors categories of alarm, risk and vitality are comprehended. So, openness to the world is understood as participation to the events happening in external reality, resonance with them that as it is proved in the article, allows on the one hand to avoid mistakes to make events which have not ripened yet or should not be shown at all as they are not existential; it means that they do not promote the highest tasks and the purposes of life, and are anti-vital rather. On the example of the analysis of statistical data, by results of research of the Actual Semantic Condition (ASC), it is shown that the high level of tendency to risk was observed at patients with the ASC type which is characterized with the internal control locus in various areas of activity, orientation to self-updating values, flexibility of behavior, high interpersonal sensitivity. Authors come to a conclusion: in the context of psychotherapeutic work and specific methods within clinical therapy existential methods find the analogs in many modern methods of work with patients (for example, a method “therapies with creative self-expression”, methods of “joint life”, etc.) and have as a basis – philosophical idea “trust to life”, events in the world, participation to the happening processes as main and desirable method of positioning in the world by the person.
Keywords: existential analysis, self-injurious behavior, pairing discourses
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