ISSUES OF PECULIARITIES OF POLITICAL DISCOURSE IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA
Natal’ya M. Zorina, PhD (Cand. Sc.) in Pedagogic, Associate professor Russian state University of tourism and service, Moscow,
Russian Federation. E-mail: email@example.com,
Zoya A. Kireenkova, Russian state University of tourism and service, Moscow, Russian Federation
Ol’ga N. Krasnova, PhD (Cand. Sc.) in Political Science, Associate professor Russian state University of tourism and service, Moscow, Russian Federation
Discourse as a linguistic phenomenon is deeply studied by Western and Russian scientists representing various scientific schools and directions. However, despite the large number of interesting scientific works in the field of discourse theory and discourse analysis, many aspects of the topic are not studied enough. The article reveals the peculiarities of modern political discourse in a lingual-pragmatic aspect, including strategy, intentions, verbal and psychological tactics. Discourse is examined as a speech due to a certain communicative situation in which not only the factor of addresser and addressee is important, but also the intentions, the time and place of speech (communicative) act. Great attention is paid to the intentions of the addresser, defining the strategy of speech and basic language tools. Political discourse is presented as institutional, status – oriented. Authors take speeches of political leaders of Russia at the world’s leading venues as examples for discourse analysis. The article describes the features and mechanisms of contemporary political discourse. The article notes that political discourse is a powerful tool of political power, and it can have a significant impact on the society. Im- age of the world view in political discourse has some functional and semantic load; in particular it meets the needs of the authorities to have the possibility of using a range of forms and tools of manipulative influence.
Keywords: political discourse, speech tactics, intentions, discourse analysis, lingual-pragmatics, world view
1. Borbot’ko V.G., Principles of discourse: From psycholinguistics to linguistic synergy. Moscow: Knizhnyi dom
«LIBROKOM», 2011. (In Russ).
2. Van Dyck, Discourse and power. Moscow: Librocom, 2013 (In Russ).
3. Zolotova G.A., Onipenko N.K., Sidorova M. Yu., Communicative grammar of the Russian language. Moscow: In-t russk. Yaz. im. V.V. Vinogradova, 2004 (In Russ).
4. Zorina N.M., Discourse Theory in the Modern Languages Curriculum. Vestnik Assotsiatsii vuzov turizma i servisa, no. 3, 2009, pp. 93–98. (In Russ).
5. Zorina N.M., The use of discourse matrix in the formation of communicative competence in students. Sred- nee professional’noe obrazovanie, no. 1, 2010, pp.30–33. (In Russ).
6. Enikopolov S.N., Kuznetsova Yu.M., Chudova N.V., Aggression in everyday life. Moscow: Politicheskaya entsiklopediya, 2014. (In Russ).
7. Ippolitova N.A., Culture of Russian speech. Moscow: Prospekt, 2013. (In Russ).
8. Issers O.S., Communicative strategies and tactics of Russian speech. 5th ed. Moscow: LKI, 2008. (In Russ).
9. Issers O.S., Speech effects. Moscow: Flinta-Nauka, 2009. (In Russ).
10. Issers O.S., Modern speech communication: discursive practices. Omsk, 2011. (In Russ).
11. Karasik V.I., Aspects of linguistic identity. Problems of speech communication. Saratov, 2003. (In Russ).
12. Karasik V.I., Language circle: personality, concepts, discourse. Volgograd: Peremena, 2002. (In Russ).
13. Krasnykh V.V., A friend among foes: myth or reality. Moscow: Gnozis, 2003. (In Russ).
14. Graudina L.K., Shiryaev E.N., Culture of Russian speech. Moscow: NORMA: NITS INFA-M, 2015. (In Russ).
15. Makarov M.L., Fundamentals of the discourse theory. Moscow: GNOZIS, 2003. (In Russ).
16. Olyanich A.V., Presentation theory of discourse. Moscow: GNOZIS, 2007. (In Russ).
17. Sagaidachnaya E.N., Expressive means of language in the speeches of politicians: Candidate in Philology’s thesis. Rostov-on-Don, 2009. (In Russ).
18. Sedov K.F., Discourse and identity. Moscow, 2004. (In Russ).
19. Sidorov E.V., Cognitive pragmatics of discourse. Moscow: Izd-vo RGSU, 2013.
20. Sternin I.A., Practical rhetoric. Moscow: Akademiya, 2010. (In Russ).
21. Formanovskaya N.I., Speech interaction: communication and pragmatics. Moscow: Izd-vo IKAR, 2007. (In Russ).
22. Shapochkin D.V., Political discourse: cognitive aspect. Tyumen: Izd-vo Tyumenskogo gos. Un-ta, 2012. (In Russ).
23. Sheigal E.I., Semiotics of political discourse. Volgograd: Peremena, 2000. (In Russ).
24. Zorina N.M., Kortunov V.V. The issues of methodology of a discourse-analysis in teaching of professional speech to the students of non-philological specialties. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, no. 19 (4), 2014, pp. 554–559.
25. Kortunov V., Fedulin A., A critical analysis of the impact of telecommunications on the worldview of Russian society. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 15, no. 10, 2013, pp. 1389—1395.
26. Fedulin A.A., Bagdasaryan V.E., Service in historical and philosophical comprehension. Moscow: Russian State University of Tourism and Service, 2010.
27. Nature-based tourism in Russia / Caldito L.A., Dimanche F., Mazina A., Fedulin A., Vetitnev A., Apukhtin A., Kruzhkov D., Kurbanov E., Pecheritsa E., Sakharchuk E., Sharafanova E., Romanova G., Alexanyanc G., Tatarskikh Iu., Belosluttseva L., Smit N., Kryukova O., Vapnyarskaya O., Ilkevich S., Kharitonova T. etc. TEMPUS Project “NETOUR: Network for Excellence in Tourism through Organization and Universities in Russia” / Project Co-funded by the European Union. Spain, 2015.
28. Fedulin A.A., Sakharchuk E.S., Moscow regional education cluster in tourism and service. Vestnik Assotsiat- sii vuzov turizma i servisa, vol. 8, no. 2, 2014, pp. 49–55. (In Russ).